A selection of news and comment.

Ignoblus on Yoav Shamir’s film Defamation.

Via Bob From Brockley: Contentious Centrist surfaces some under-reported news of a separation wall built by Hesbollah and Syria which isolates a Lebanese border region mostly populated by Christians and Druze, and  home demolitions by Hamas; the revolution will not be Tel Aviv’ed – gingerly linking to Spiked to give you Natalie Rothschild; Martin in the Margins on Chomsky refused; Michael J. Totten’s interview with Paul Berman about his book Flight of the Intellectuals.

Off-topic for this blog (but kind of on-topic because I came to it via a Labour parliamentary candidate who, nonetheless worryingly though she was unsuccessful, apparently believes that problematising Zionism will pay off in British politics) Peter Beinhart considers some long-term trends in Israeli society and trends in the attitudes to Israel of Jews outside Israel, calling for an uncomfortable Zionism as alternative to anti-Zionism, a lethargic non-Zionism, or an exclusive and aggressive kind of Zionism.

The Turin Book Fair was targeted by boycotters again this year, but they were rebuffed, and Israeli author Amos Oz won the readers’ prize. Umberto Eco was again (scroll to the L’Espresso translation, 2008) one of those who spoke against boycott. Here is something good from him back then :

“I understand very well what certain friends of the extreme left (who only need to turn 360 degrees to come dangerously close to the extreme right) are thinking when they demand such a thing: we have to direct people’s attention to the ominous politics of the Israeli government, so we can kick off a scandal that will hit the headlines in all the papers. It is true that politicians and advertising companies work like this (and Berlusconi has mastered the art), but what is happening in Turin right now is a bit like the Blue Telephone trying to draw attention to the abuse of children by having some of them whipped in public.”

Elvis Costello’s bad boycott

Nathan Guttman writes in The Forward about Elvis Costello’s decision to boycott Israel:

“In reaction, a music industry insider confirmed that the winds could be shifting. The music executive, who spoke on condition of anonymity in light of his ongoing business ties with artists, said that in recent months he had approached more than 15 performing artists with proposals to give concerts in Israel. None had agreed. The contracts offered high levels of compensation. He called them “extreme, big numbers that could match any other gig.””

Grassroots boycotters at the bottom of their movement’s foodchain might not get it, but the cultural boycott of Israel needs to be recognised as part of a coordinated attempt to isolate Israel and undermine its existence. This boycott has never exhibited any promise or mechanism of ending the occupation and provokes a defensive reaction in Israelis. Nevertheless, it’s catching on and you get the impression that it now takes spine and a clear head to go through with performing in Israel. I’m wondering if by now it’s easier to simply leave Israel off the tour and even whether the praise you might gain for first agreeing to perform and then ostentatiously pulling out, citing the Palestinian cause, now outweighs the opinion of people like me that the cultural boycott is wrong.

I think Elvis Costello’s boycott is hollow. One reason for this is that he knew about the occupation when he arranged to play in Israel – what happened between then and his decision to cancel? Another is that is that his statement hardly relates to the matter at hand. He’s potentially a very precise communicator so I’m assuming this was deliberate. But in among the pained and indistinct verbiage is the conclusion that his name on an Israeli billboard will do more harm than boycotting Israel. I think the opposite is true.

Many Palestinians will feel that Elvis Costello is their friend, but this sympathetic outcome is the limit of what the boycott gesture can achieve. It’s outweighed by the negative side-effects of boycott recorded by Engage over the five years of our existence – five years in which the boycott campaign, predictably, has not led to any improvement in the overall situation. I don’t see how it could.

Does Elvis Costello believe that if he, Elton John, Joan Armatrading, The Pixies, Bob Dylan, or anybody else plays to their Israeli fans – and Elvis Costello supposes fans of his to be enlightened people – then pro-occupation campaigners will use the media to claim this as an endorsement of Israeli policies? That’s the same fools’ claim boycotters are making, and it’s not valid. Who says that artists have to go along with activists ventriloquising their political views? More likely Israelis and Jews would take the visit as proof that an unjust boycott campaign was failing to make the world’s only Jewish state a world pariah – and they would be entitled to celebrate that.

There is no mechanism through which boycotting Israel proposes to help end the occupation. Only a tiny minority of Israelis – Israelis who have abandoned the task of building the confidence for a peace movement in their own society and now find it more rewarding to build an international rejection movement instead – are calling for a boycott of Israel. Many more Israelis feel as David Horowitz does when he cites years of warfare and terrorism against Israel and points out that the ‘wrenching’ of settlers from Gaza was rewarded with the democratic election of Hamas, with its suicide bombers, missiles, and rhetoric of Jew-hatred.

According to many commentators, Israeli existential fear is so acute as to constitute a siege mentality, and this boycott has no prospect of alleviating that. Israel is a democracy – you have to persuade the voters to effect a change of policy. This boycott is the opposite of persuasion. Elvis Costello’s solipsism is so complete that he neglects to extend any worked out alternatives to occupation, and certainly no prospects for peace. Perceiving no alternative to the current approach of fortification and pre-emptive strike, Israelis are most likely to turn in on themselves and support what they feel the right-wing government they voted in has to do to protect them and secure the ongoing existence of their state. Israelis have good reason to fear Hamas, Hesbollah and their major theocratic sponsor and sworn enemy of Jews, Iran. This boycott has no argument with Israel’s enemies.

Does Elvis ‘instinct and conscience’ Costello think that by performing in Israel he risks contributing to the insufferable complacency of all those Israelis who divine their country’s morality on whether musical artists include Israel on their tour, as if reading the tea leaves? I don’t think any Israeli judges their country by that measure. Does he seriously believe that Israelis, so many of whom are drafted into national service, or whose relatives are, don’t understand that the occupation, in the piously facile words of Ofer Neiman in The Forward article, “has a price tag attached”?

So what is Elvis Costello thinking? It looks as if boycott campaigners are beginning to get a purchase in public opinion and it also looks as if, in the face of their pressure, explaining a decision to perform in Israel has become overly effortful and unpleasant for artists. You have to put up with getting called wilfully ignorant, callous, complicit, even Binyamin Netanyahu’s “gay Band Aid“. Easier to play to the figurative gallery than sweat out explaining your decision to play to the real one.

Shai Lahav (this Shai Lahav, veteran of Gaza during the first intifada, defending the soldiers who tried to bring to light Israeli military misconduct during Operation Cast Lead?) is a fan of Costello’s who wrote in Ma’ariv:

“You certainly know, Mr. Costello, that many ‘enlightened’ countries such as the US and UK are involved without respite in fighting in faraway countries, such as Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan…You would never cancel an appearance in New York or London, while condemning the government policies for sending soldiers. You would have too much to lose by such a step. But a concert in Israel is a different story…In Israel, there is a great public of humanist people, who desire peace, yearn for a normal life, are willing to make painful concession and who are also cultural enthusiasts. Look at how fast your concert tickets were snapped up. Over the years, this public has fought bitterly to advance its positions and its dreams. It fights against extremists at home and against Muslim extremists, who are destroying any chance for peace. Your miserable decision directly weakens this public. You have given it another reason to despair, to be frustrated and to understand that the chance for sanity is slipping away. ‘Music is not mere noise,’ you wrote in your cancellation letter. But you have proved the exact opposite. Sometimes a musician would do well to concentrate on music, which, at least, he understands.”

Boycotters are probably right that the cultural boycott will distinguish artists with integrity from artists who prefer not to see what is going on. Only they have it the wrong way round – the artists with integrity will perform in Israel and deal with the flak.

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